Broadleaf deciduous tree, growing 50-75 ft tall. Produces edible nuts, and the straight-grained wood is valued for construction.
Prefers deep, rich, moist soils, tolerates drier soils but grows much more slowly.
Shade tree. Valuable wood.
60' at maturity
Oval to Rounded
Slender catkins of inconspicuous, green male flowers hang from the branches in the spring.
Leaves green, alternate, with 15-23 leaflets, each 5-13 cm long.
Dark brown to grayish-black bark divided by deep, narrow furrows.
Native from Massachusetts to Florida, west to Minnesota and Texas. Valuable wood.