Fast-growing, native tree that produces miniature "cones" and fixes nitrogen in the soil.
Tolerant of wide range of conditions, from full sun to partial shade, moist to dry soil.
Native peoples used this tree to make dye.
50' at maturity
20' at maturity
Broad, dome-shaped, open crown
Produced during early spring in slender, small, cylindrical catkins.
Lustrous, dark green leaves with serrated leaf margin.
Thin and pale gray when young, breaking into irregular plates with age.
This tree is native to western North America and can be found in the Pacific Northwest; British Columbia to California; east along tributaries of the Columbia River into Idaho.